We report a 63-year-old woman with cortical reflex myoclonus restricted to the bilateral lower limbs. Somatosensory evoked cortical potentials to posterior tibial nerve stimulation were enlarged with C-responses. Jerk-locked back averaging of the EEG identified a cortical spike related to myoclonic jerks. Motor evoked potentials recorded from the abductor hallucis muscle showed an exaggerated late response. These findings suggest hyperexcitability of the sensorimotor cortex. 99mTc-ECD single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) after stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve showed increased perfusion in the contralateral peri-Rolandic area which corresponded to the hyperexcitable region. A SPECT activation study as well as MEPs therefore can be employed to determine the hyperexcitable region in cortical myoclonus.
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Accepted: December 9, 1998
Received in revised form: October 15, 1998
Received: May 1, 1998
© 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.