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The correlation between depression and anxiety with cognitive function of nurse in isolation room for Coronavirus disease-19 in RSUP HJ. Adam Malik Medan

      Background and aims

      Coronavirus disease-19 has psychological impact on health workers, depression and anxiety are the most common psychological problems and may affect cognitive function. The research aimed to determine the correlation between depression and anxiety with cognitive function in nurses working in the isolated ward and to compare them with nurses not working in isolated ward.

      Methods

      This study was a cross-sectional study using consecutive total sampling technique, at COVID-19 isolated ward at General Hospital H Adam Malik Medan, March 2021. We included all nurses providing services to COVID-19 patients. We assessed depression, anxiety. and cognitive function using BDI, BAI, and MocA-Ina.

      Results

      This study involved 72 participants. The mean age of nurses working in the isolated ward was 33 (24–52) years old. The Median of BDI 5 (0–37), BAI 3 (0–22), and MocA-Ina 26 (18–30). There was correlation between depression and cognitive function (p = 0.02, r = −0.273), no correlation between anxiety and cognitive function (p = 0.46, r = −0.088).There was no difference in depression (p = 0.324), anxiety (p = 0.332), and cognitive function (p = 0.210) between nurses working in the isolated ward and nurses not working in isolated ward.

      Conclusions

      Depression is significantly associated with cognitive functions in nurses working in the isolated ward. These results suggest that depression intervention is needed to prevent cognitive dysfunction.