- •The IPPS is a useful tool in the clinical evaluation of polio population.
- •Higher disability in ADL and mobility were associated with higher IPPS score.
- •Worse perception of physical and mental health were associated with higher IPPS score.
- •Standardized rating scales should be used in clinical evaluation of polio survivors.
To evaluate the association between self-reported severity of polio sequelae and current functional status among polio survivors.
This was a cross sectional study of 195 polio survivors attending a polio outpatient clinic at a university hospital. The main outcome measures of demographic, medical, social, and functional data were gleaned from a questionnaire adapted for the polio population. The severity of polio sequelae was evaluated with the self-reported Index of Post-Polio Sequelae (IPPS).
The mean age of our sample was 57.6 ± 10.5 years, 53% were men, 38% had acquired higher education and 37% were employed. We found significant correlations between the total IPPS score and independence in activity of daily living (P < 0.05), the use of walking aids (P < 0.005) and mobility in and out-of-doors (P < 0.0001). A positive correlation was also found between the total IPPS score and subjective assessment of physical and mental health (P < 0.0001).
Higher disability in ADL and mobility and lower perception of physical and mental health in polio survivors were associated with a higher score on the IPPS, reflecting greater severity of polio sequelae. These findings demonstrate the IPPS as a useful tool in the clinical evaluation of the polio population, however further data is needed in order to determine if this index can assess clinically significant changes over time.
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Published online: July 17, 2014
Accepted: July 4, 2014
Received in revised form: June 6, 2014
Received: December 30, 2013
© 2014 Elsevier B.V. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.