- 1.In a study performed by Tchernitchko et al. [], it has been shown that the E148Q MEFV allele is just a benign polymorphism and is not involved in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). Supporting this study, 2 disease free individuals were identified in another investigation being homozygous for E148Q mutation []. These studies may suggest a weak influence of E148Q mutation on MEFV gene function. Thus the role of this polymorphism is controversial in FMF and much more in MS.
- 2.In the recent research by Unal et al. [], approximately most of the MS patients (80%) carrying MEFV gene mutations have only one copy of each mutation. As we know two copies of these mutations can change the gene function more significantly so homozygote patients are more considerable. However, the rate of MS patients which are homozygous for these polymorphisms is very low in this study.
- 3.While it is evidently known that FMF is a familial recessive disease, no family history of FMF was reported for the MS patients evaluated in the investigation by Unal et al. Furthermore, in a study assessing MEFV gene mutations in MS patients, no evidence of association with MS was observed for these variants [].
- 4.Several studies have indicated a high incidence of FMF among the Arab populations [5,6,7]. On the other hand, the prevalence of MS among the Arabs appears to be lower than other countries []. Regarding these evidences, MEFV gene, the main factor causing FMF disease, could not be considered as a susceptible gene in MS pathogenesis.
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Unal A, Dursun A, Emre U, Tascilar NF, Ankarali H. Evaluation of common mutations in the Mediterranean fever gene in Multiple Sclerosis patients: Is it a susceptibility gene? J Neurol Sci 2010 May 17. [Epub ahead of print].
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