Background and purpose
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a common movement disorder, but its prevalence in different populations has not been elucidated.
We reviewed all patients with HFS currently followed at the Baylor College of Medicine Movement Disorders Clinic and compared their demographic and clinical data with a control group of patients with cranial–cervical dystonia (CD).
In contrast to patients with CD (N=145, mean age 48.64±13.61 years), of whom 117 (80.69%) were Caucasians, 13 (8.97%) Hispanic, 10 (6.90%) African-American, and 5 (3.45%) were of Asian origin, there were 81 (61.36%) Caucasians, 24 (18.18%) Hispanic, 13 (9.85%) African-Americans, and 14 (10.61%) Asians in the HFS group (N=132, mean age 49.33±13.25). Although there was no statistical difference in the age and gender distribution between the two groups, the frequency of Asians in HFS group was 3.1 times higher than that in CD group (P<0.01). Furthermore, the prevalence of Asians among patients with HFS was nearly twice the estimated prevalence of Asians in a general Houston population (5.48%).
Our results support the observation that HFS is much more common in the Asian population than in other populations. Further epidemiological, genetic, imaging and anatomic studies are needed to understand the apparent difference in the prevalence of this peripherally induced movement disorder.
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Published online: September 28, 2010
Accepted: August 12, 2010
Received in revised form: August 11, 2010
Received: May 20, 2010
© 2010 Elsevier B.V. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.