One in three individuals will experience stroke, dementia or both. For most of the 20th century, dementia was attributed to arteriosclerosis and consequent chronic cerebral ischemia, termed “arteriosclerotic dementia”. This view has been challenged by with the increasing recognition of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the demonstration that infarcts and not chronic ischemia were the basis of what came to be termed “multi-infarct dementia” (MID). The term “vascular dementia” subsequently replaced MID as it was recognized that there were many etiologies, to stroke and dementia apart from multiple infarcts.
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Published online: April 27, 2009
© 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc.