It sounds perhaps bizarre and not very subtle, but it works. A strong magnetic field can be focused through a stimulation coil that is placed on the outside of the skull, inducing small electric currents inside of the brain that perturb and modulate brain activity. This technique, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), has been available to researchers for about 20 years. Over that period applications of the technique and the number of TMS publications have increased exponentially, turning a niche area of brain research into one that produced more than 1300 papers in 2007. Soon transcranial stimulation may be as widespread as electroencephalography (EEG) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and the recently published Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation could be the last attempt to unite all aspects of the approach into a single volume.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
© 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.