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Mannitol in intracerebral hemorrhage: A randomized controlled study

      Abstract

      Objective

      To study the usefulness of mannitol in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients.

      Method

      128 CT proven supratentorial ICH patients within 6 days of ictus were randomized into study and control groups. The study group received mannitol 20%, 100 ml every 4 h for 5 days, tapered in the next 2 days. The control group received sham infusion. Primary endpoint was 1-month mortality and secondary endpoint functional disability at 3 months assessed by Barthel index score.

      Results

      There were 65 patients in study and 63 in control groups. The study and control groups were evenly matched regarding age, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, Canadian Neurological Scale (CNS) score, pupillary asymmetry, pyramidal signs on non-hemiplegic side, and location, midline shift and ventricular extension of hematoma. At 1 month, 16 patients died in each group. The primary and secondary endpoints were not significantly different between the two groups.

      Conclusion

      Low dose mannitol does not seem to be beneficial in patients with ICH.

      Keywords

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